(2.54) The answers to all of the above questions are given by Lord Krishna in verses 2.55-59 of this chapter. The secret art of living a meaningful life is to be intensely active without any motive, as stated below: Do your duty to the best of your ability, O Arjuna, with your mind at­tached to the Lord, abandoning attachment to the results, and remaining calm in both success and failure. One should not be confused because different methods are not meant to confuse, but one should choose wisely. (2.32). (2.21), Just as a person puts on new garments after discarding the old ones, similarly the living entity or the individual soul acquires other new bodies after casting away the old bodies. Further, we do not know whether we will conquer them or they will conquer us. The reality of these two is indeed certainly seen by the seers of truth. The word ‘yoga’ has also been defined in the following verses of the Gita: 2.50, 2.53, 6.04, 6.08, 6.19, 6.23, 6.29, 6.31, 6.32, and 6.47. (2.59). Be a witness to it. The subtle craving lurks like a robber ready to rob the striver at the appropriate opportunity, as explained below: Restless senses, O Arjuna, forcibly carry away the mind of even a wise person striving for perfection. Those who work only to enjoy the fruits of their labor are unhappy (because one has no control over the results). If you read Bhagavad-gita daily, you will get the benefit of performing ashvamedha sacrifice. The Spirit by whom with this entire universe is pervaded is indestructible. Thus, pain is born in the womb of pleasure. Stress is produced when fruit or goal becomes more important than the work itself due to ego. If one chooses material pleasures, it is like giving up nectar and choos­ing poison instead. ​CHAPTER I: Arjun-Vishad - Lamenting the Consequence of War, CHAPTER VII: Vijnanayog -  Knowledge of the Supreme Truth, Bhagavad Gita Quotes for Condolence and Healing, The Darshanas: An Introduction to Hindu Philosophy, The Story of the Mahabharata, India's Longest Epic Poem, The Birth of the Popular Hindu God Krishna, Characters of the Mahabharata: Glossary of Names (A to H), Characters of the Mahabharata: Glossary of Names (P to Y), M.A., English Literature, University of North Bengal. The part of the Mahabharata preceding the Bhagavad-Gita catalogues the strife between two branches of a royal family, and the Gita is set just before the battle that destroys these families. (2.01), Lord Krishna said: How has the dejection come to you at this juncture? The mind is bewildered by delusion. All schools and cults are necessary. In trance, or the superconscious state of mind, the confusion arising from conflicting views ceases, and mental equipoise is attained. If you read Bhagavad-gita daily, you will get the benefit of performing ashvamedha sacrifice. Whosoever helps and supports an aggressor is also an aggressor. Bhagavad Gita informs us that we are tiny divine particles having the same quality as that of the Absolute divinity – Lord Krishna. NOTE: 'Dharma' may be defined as the eternal law governing, upholding, and supporting creation and the world order. Death is the separation of the subtle body from the physical body. (2.35), Your enemies will speak many unmentionable words and scorn your ability. The living entity is a traveler. Dedicated selfless service for a greater cause leads to everlasting peace and happiness here and hereafter. - Bhagavad-gita 2.17, Sanjaya said: Lord Krishna spoke these words to Arjuna whose eyes were tearful and downcast and who was overwhelmed with compassion and despair. (2.12), The contacts of the senses with sense objects give rise to the feel­ings of heat and cold, and pain and pleasure. Arjuna had a valid point. To the Western reader much of the discussion seems childish and illogical; but these elements are mingled with passages of undeniable sublimity. (2.51), When your intellect shall completely overcome the mire of delusion (regarding Self and non-Self), then you will become indifferent to what has been heard and what is yet to be heard (from the scriptures). ... expounds the high philosophy of the Atman in the following words: You pretend to be a wise man in speech, but your behaviour is like that of the most ignorant. Find your way in the darkness of the night of ad­versity with the torch of the scriptures and faith in God. In this chapter, Lord Krishna talks about 'astanga yoga,' and how to practice it so one may gain mastery of the mind reveal their spiritual nature. Benefits of Reading the BHAGWAT GITA 1. This chapter also summarizes the contents of the Gita. In Vedic culture, gurus, the elderly, honorable personalities, and all other superiors are to be respected. The desire for fruit takes one to the dark alley of sin and prevents one’s real growth. BhagavadGita.io is a modern Bhagavad Gita app with a simple, beautiful and easy to use interface , helping you focus on reading. (2.60). The latter is technically not an entity as it cannot be measured. (2.53) Non-scriptural reading or reading of different philosophical writings is bound to create confusion. Arjuna said: O Krishna, what are the marks of an enlightened person whose intellect is steady? My senses are overcome by the weakness of pity, and my mind is confused about duty (Dharma). It is the eternal relationship between the creator and His creatures. Bhagavad Gita Summary (Swami Tapasyananda) Preface ... we start the first chapter of the Bhagavat Gita. The former is a highly artificial production based on legend and ascribed to one man, Valmiki. No one can perform action without expecting some result. (See also KaU 2.07) (2.29), O Arjuna, the Spirit that dwells in the body of all beings is eternally indestructible. He has written several books about Hinduism for children and young adults. Both negative and positive experiences are needed for our growth and spiritual development. Rules for best benefits from Bhagavad Gita Even if someone listens Gita with faith, he will get benefits. (2.22). In this Chapter, Lord Krishna talks us how the our material existence is created, prevaded, maintained and destroyed by divine powers, the sovereign science and secret. After Self-awareness, one finds God alone has become everything. Chapter wise Srimad Bhagavad Gita in PDF format Bhagavad Gita by Jaya Row Crisis Management - A Case Study of Arjuna`s Rescue, Relief and Rehabilitation by Sri Krishna This book “The Role Of The Bhagavad Gita In Indian Life” was written by Premnath Bazaz ( a Kashmiri Pandit and freedom fighter). The intel­lect of such a tranquil person soon becomes completely steady and united with the Supreme. The main ancient sources of information with regard to these Hindu beliefs and practises are the two great epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The unreal (Asat, body, creation) has a temporary (or Mithya) existence and the real (Sat, Atma) always exists. If you will not fight this battle of good over evil, you will fail in your duty, lose your reputation as a warrior, and incur sin (by not doing your duty). (2.06), Arjuna was unable to decide what to do. If one dies without conquering the great enemy---desires---one has to reincarnate to fight this enemy again and again till victory (MB 12.16.24). (2.39), No effort is ever lost in selfless service, and there is no adverse effect. They are transitory and impermanent. Thus, all those who supported Kauravas were basically aggressors and deserved to be eliminated. When a person learns to control or withdraw the senses from sense objects, as a tortoise retracts its limbs inside its shell in time of danger and cannot be forced to extend its limbs again until the trouble is over, the lamp of Self-knowledge becomes lighted, and one perceives the self-effulgent Supreme Being within (MB 12.174.51). In this Chapter, Lord Krishna advises Arjuna to relinquish ignorance and passion and how everyone can adopt the path of pure goodness until they acquire the ability to transcend them. The poem is a dialogue between Prince Arjuna, the brother of King Yudhisthira, and Vishnu , the Supreme God, incarnated as Krishna , and wearing the disguise of a charioteer. (2.50). Remain tranquil and unconcerned with the thoughts of acquisition and preservation of material objects. In this post, I will explain, some of the benefits of reading certain chapters of the Bhagavad-Gita, based upon the planetary positions of certain planets in the horoscope. Such per­sons enjoy the joy of selfless service that ultimately leads them to the bliss of salvation. In this chapter, Lord Krishna delivers a stern talk to Arjuna about the duties every member of the society needs to carry out. The physical body has also been compared to a cage, a vehicle, an abode, as well as a garment of the subtle body that needs to be changed frequently. Therefore, O Arjuna, one’s intellect becomes steady when the senses are completely withdrawn from sense objects. Death is like a rest area where the individual soul changes vehicles and the journey continues. Destiny is born out of crisis. The wise, who know that the body is mor­tal and the Spirit is immortal, have nothing to moan about (KaU 2.22). It is not a joyous ferryboat ride, but a very diffi­cult path to tread like the sharp edge of a sword. Sin in Hinduism is nothing but the Karmic bondage responsible for transmigration. (2.55). (2.67). (2.56), The mind and intellect become steady in a person who is not attached to anything (but Self), who is neither elated by get­ting desired results nor perturbed by undesired results. Webster defines Atman or Atma as the 'World Soul', from which all souls derive and the Supreme Abode to which they return. We have used the English words: Self, Spirit, spirit, soul, or individual soul interchangeably for different aspects of Atma (or Sat). "It is," says Hopkins, "a medley of beliefs as to the relation of spirit and matter, and other secondary matters; it is uncertain in its tone in regard to the comparative efficacy of action and inaction, and in regard to the practical man's means of salvation; but it is at one with itself in its fundamental thesis, that all things are each a part of one Lord, that men and gods are but manifestations of the One Divine Spirit.". When done together with Pranayama (breath-control exercises), sins of even past births are cleared. Entitled “The Yoga of Meditation”, chapter 6 of the Bhagavad Gita elucidates meditation as the final gateway to Self Realisation. A scripture is like a finite pond that derives its water from the infinite ocean of Truth. Dharma and selfishness cannot stay together. The conversation takes place in a war-chariot, stationed between the armies of the Kauravas and Pandavas, who are about to engage in battle. People meet and depart in this world as two pieces of wood flowing down the river come together and then separate from each other (MB 12.174.15). The word Karma also means duty, ac­tion, deeds, work, endeavor, or the results of past deeds. They both come and go in life. Therefore, be a selfless worker, O Arjuna. The fire will go out if no more wood is added to it (MB 12.17.05). While most people sleep and make dream plans in the night of the illusory world, a yogi keeps awake because he or she is detached from the world while living in it. The gates of heaven open wide for those who stand up to vindicate justice and righteousness (Dharma). Without Self-perception there is no peace, and without peace there can be no happiness. To work without ex­pecting success or good results would be meaningless, but to be fully prepared for the unexpected should be an important part of any plan­ning. Maya comes in between Brahman and the world. He is the author of the world’s only Gita-daily feature, Bhagavad-Gita As It Is (2.02), Do not become a coward, O Arjuna, because it does not befit you. Thus nothing is really real in the creation. This composition as compiled by the great sage Vyasadeva has been endearing to all those who seek Truth, who look for perfection, who are interested in a complete science of everything irrespective of caste, creed, religion and nationality. Working to the best of one’s abili­ties without becoming attached to the fruits of work is called KarmaYoga or Seva. I am Your disciple, and I take refuge in You. Life is continuous and endless. The Spirit cannot be cut, burned, wet, or dried. Bhagavad Gita Chapter-Wise Importance || Bhagavad-Gita Tatvam || Karya Siddhi || Archana || Bhakthi TV Watch Bhakthi TV by Rachana Television. The word, Bhagavad means God and Gita means a song which together makes it as “The song of God” . Therefore, you should not mourn for anybody. Even after hearing about it, very few people know what the Spirit is. The Vedic scriptures are very clear on this point in regard to killing human beings or any other living entity. (2.70) Torrents of the river of desire can carry away the mind of a materialistic person as a river carries away wood and other objects in its path. Harry Bhalla says: A farmer has control over how he works his land, yet no control over the harvest. One’s agony is reduced a little by speaking of it to a trusted friend. You are entitled to perform your respective duty only, but have no control or claim over the results. It is also called the Unified Field, Supreme Spirit, Divine Person, and Total Consciousness that is responsible for the sense percep­tions in all living beings by functioning through mind and intellect. KarmaYoga is defined as doing one’s duty while maintaining equanimity under all circumstances. It is a state of being in which worldly desires and personal likes and dis­likes have been absolutely extin­guished. (2.31), Only the fortunate warriors, O Arjuna, get such an opportunity for a righteous war against evil that is like an open door to heaven. With faith, one gets in touch with the inner strength and can easily tackle any tough situation. But the craving remains as a subtle mental impression. ll that one can see or hear or imagine are rooted in ignorance, nothing exists in reality. Therefore, one should learn to endure them bravely. (2.09), O King, Lord Krishna, as if smiling, spoke these words to the distressed Arjuna in the midst of the two armies. Meditation is more than just shutting one’s eyes and repeating a mantra or word symbol. Adhyaya 1 Paap Mukti [Eradication of Sins] Adhyaya 2 The Mind is engulfed with love. Scriptures, such as the Vedas, are necessary means, but not the end. (2.64). It is unborn, eternal, permanent, and pri­me­val. When the desire for happiness disappears, so does the sorrow. (2.40). In this Chapter, Lord Krishna grants Arjuna's wish and reveal His universal form - thus showing him His entire existence. The universe is a playground designed by God for the living entities. The fruits of vice and virtue grow only on the tree of selfishness, not on the tree of selfless service. Therefore, different schools of thought are necessary to suit different individuals, as well as the same individual as he or she grows and de­velops. Just as in a deam a king becomes beggar, or a pauper becomes king of heaven, yet on waking one does not gain or loose anything, so must one look upon this world. Gain superior strength and knowledge in devotional service by reciting and hearing the divine conversation between Krsna and Arjuna. One who knows the Truth does not let the shadow of personal gain fall on the path of duty. Life is a con­tinuous battle between the forces of evil and goodness. Our physical body is subject to birth, growth, maturity, reproduction, decay, and death; whereas the Self is eternal, indestructible, pure, unique, all knower, substratum, unchangeable, self-luminous, the cause of all causes, all pervading, unaffectable, immutable, and inexplicable. There is no religion better than selfless service. The grace of God can make the mind go towards higher objects, just as the sun’s rays lift the water to the sky. International Gita Society Established 1984. But the scriptures also say that anyone who is engaged in abominable activities or supports misdeeds against you or others, is no longer to be respected, but punished. steadfast, One develops attachment to sense objects by thinking about sense ob­jects. A yogi is always aware of the Spirit about which others are un­aware. The International Gita Society offers the teachings of the Bhagavad-Gita though PDF & audio in multiple languages ... discussed in the above verse, is sinless. Pleasure comes after pain, and pain is followed again by pleasure. This would mean that Lord Krishna should not expect Arjuna to understand and follow His teachings! Desire for sense objects comes from attachment to sense objects, and anger comes from unfulfilled desires. But one’s happiness or sorrow does not end till one wakes up. Therefore, strive for selfless service. Self cannot be perceived by our physical senses because Self is beyond the domain of the senses. Knowledge is not a natural quality (Dharma) of the Absolute; it is the intrinsic nature of the Absolute (DB 7.32.19). (2.17), The physical bodies of the eternal, immutable, and incomprehensible Spirit are mortal. Sorrow is only a prelude to happiness and vice versa. The boundary of one’s jurisdiction ends with the completion of duty; it never crosses the garden of fruit. Rituals must be changed with time and backed up by devotion and good deeds. (2.57), When one can completely withdraw the senses from sense objects, as a tortoise withdraws its limbs into the shell for protection from calamity, then the intellect of such a person is considered steady. Therefore, scriptures become unnec­essary only after enlightenment in much the same way that a reservoir of water has no use when one is surrounded by floodwater. When one has no desire for the pleasure of victory, one is not affected by the pain of de­feat. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna shows us the difference between the physical body and the immortal soul - the transitory and the perishable vis-a-vis the immutable and the eternal. By doing your duty this way, you will not incur any sin. The wise should wholeheartedly welcome pleasure and pain, joy and sorrow, without becoming discouraged (MB 12.174.39). The word ‘Atma’ has been also used in the ‘Gita’ for the lower self (body, mind, and senses), psyche, intellect, soul, spirit, subtle senses, oneself, ego, heart, human beings, Eternal Being (Brahma), Absolute Truth, individual soul, and the supersoul or the supreme Self, depending on the context. (2.63), A disciplined person, enjoying sense objects with senses that are under control and free from attachments and aversions, attains tranquility. A person should work without any mo­tive as a matter of duty for a greater cause of helping human­ity rather than just helping oneself, one's children, or a few individuals. NOTE: The Self (or Atma) is also called soul or consciousness and is the source of life and the cosmic power behind the body-mind complex. Freedom from fear and sorrow 2. The best way to purify the senses and control them perfectly like a tortoise, is to engage them in the service of God at all times. (2.07). (2.38). To enjoy the fruits of work should not be your motive, and you should never be inactive. Death is not the end of the journey of the living entity. According to mother Sarda, desires for knowledge, devotion, and salvation cannot be classed as desires because they are higher desires. Work is done more efficiently when the mind is not bothered continuously---consciously or subconsciously---with the outcome, good or bad, of an action. Swami Karmananda says: The essence of KarmaYoga is to go to work just to please the creator; mentally re­nounce the fruits of all action; and let God take care of the results. He is sport­ing in various forms. In this Chapter, Lord Krishna reveals his manifestations as Arjuna prays to him to describe more of his 'opulences' and Krishna explains the most prominent ones. Different forms of spiritual life, but a very diffi­cult path to tread like the giver of bliss nothing. By God for the yogi who sees is unaware of the individual or society they have their. 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